The two featured in 1989's Indiana Jones And The Last Crusade, the third film in the much-loved adventure series - with Connery playing Indy's father, Professor Henry Jones.
In a statement to Variety, 78-year-old Ford said: "He was my father... not in life... but in Indy 3.
"You don't know pleasure until someone pays you to take Sean Connery for a ride in the sidecar of a Russian motorcycle bouncing along a bumpy, twisty mountain trail and getting to watch him squirm.
"God, we had fun - if he's in heaven, I hope they have golf courses.
"Rest in peace, dear friend."
George Lucas, who created the Indiana Jones franchise, also spoke out about Connery's death, honouring the actor in a statement that said: "Sir Sean Connery, through his talent and drive, left an indelible mark in cinematic history. His audiences spanned generations, each with favorite roles he played.
"He will always hold a special place in my heart as Indy's dad. With an air of intelligent authority and sly sense of comedic mischief, only someone like Sean Connery could render Indiana Jones immediately into boyish regret or relief through a stern fatherly chiding or rejoiceful hug.
"I'm thankful for having had the good fortune to have known and worked with him. My thoughts are with his family."
Connery passed away at the age of 90, leaving behind a rich cinematic legacy.
Along with Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, other famous film credits included the likes of The Hunt for Red October and Highlander - although Connery was arguably most well-known for playing the original James Bond, starring as 007 in a total of seven films between 1962 and 1983.
Following the news of his death, James Bond producers Michael G. Wilson and Barbara Broccoli issued a statement paying tribute to the late star.
They said: "We are devastated by the news of the passing of Sir Sean Connery.
"He was and shall always be remembered as the original James Bond whose indelible entrance into cinema history began when he announced those unforgettable words - 'The name's Bond... James Bond' - he revolutionised the world with his gritty and witty portrayal of the sexy and charismatic secret agent.
"He is undoubtedly largely responsible for the success of the film series and we shall be forever grateful to him."
Featured Image Credit: Paramount Pictures
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